TEMA: AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

A: Principles of American Democracy

What is the supreme law of the land?

  • the Constitution

What does the Constitution do?

  • sets up the government
  • defines the government
  • protects basic rights of Americans

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

  • We the People

What is an amendment?

  • a change (to the Constitution)
  • an addition (to the Constitution)

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

  • the Bill of Rights

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

  • speech
  • religion
  • assembly
  • press
  • petition the government

How many amendments does the Constitution have?

  • twenty-seven (27)

 

What did the Declaration of Independence do?

  • announced our independence (from Great Britain)
  • declared our independence (from Great Britain)
  • said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

  • life
  • liberty
  • pursuit of happiness

What is freedom of religion?

  • You can practice any religion, or not practice a

What is the economic system in the United States?*

  • capitalist economy
  • market economy

What is the “rule of law”?

  • Everyone must follow the
  • Leaders must obey the
  • Government must obey the
  • No one is above the

 

 

B: System of Government

Name one branch or part of the *

    • Congress
    • legislative
    • President
    • executive
    • the courts
    • judicial

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

  • checks and balances
  • separation of powers

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

  • the President

Who makes federal laws?

  • Congress
  • Senate and House (of Representatives)
  • (U.S. or national) legislature

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

  • the Senate and House (of Representatives)

How many U.S. Senators are there?

  • one hundred (100)

 

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

  • six (6)

Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?*

  • Answers will [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

  • four hundred thirty-five (435)

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

  • two (2)

Name your U.S. Representative.

  • Answers will [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

  • all people of the state

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

  • (because of) the state’s population
  • (because) they have more people
  • (because) some states have more people

We elect a President for how many years?

  • four (4)

In what month do we vote for President?*

  • November

What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

  • Donald Trump..

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

  • Mike Pence.

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

  • the Vice President

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

  • the Speaker of the House

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

  • the President

Who signs bills to become laws?

  • the President

Who vetoes bills?

  • the President

What does the President’s Cabinet do?

  • advises the President

 

What are two Cabinet-level positions?

  • Secretary of Agriculture
  • Secretary of Commerce
  • Secretary of Defense
  • Secretary of Education
  • Secretary of Energy
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • Secretary of Homeland Security
  • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • Secretary of the Interior
  • Secretary of Labor
  • Secretary of State
  • Secretary of Transportation
  • Secretary of the Treasury
  • Secretary of Veterans Affairs
  • Attorney General
  • Vice President

What does the judicial branch do?

  • reviews laws
  • explains laws
  • resolves disputes (disagreements)
  • decides if a law goes against the Constitution

What is the highest court in the United States?

  • the Supreme Court

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

  • John G. Roberts, Jr..

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

  • to print money
  • to declare war
  • to create an army
  • to make treaties

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

  • provide schooling and education
  • provide protection (police)
  • provide safety (fire departments)
  • give a driver’s license
  • approve zoning and land use

 

Who is the Governor of your state now?

  • Answers will [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.]

What is the capital of your state?*

  • Answers will [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]

What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

  • Democratic and Republican

What is the political party of the President now?

  • Republican party.

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

  • Nancy Pelosi.

 

 

C: Rights and Responsibilities

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of

    • Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
    • You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to
    • Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can )
    • A male citizen of any race (can vote).

What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*

  • serve on a jury
  • vote in a federal election

Name one right only for United States citizens.

  • vote in a federal election
  • run for federal office

What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

  • freedom of expression
  • freedom of speech
  • freedom of assembly
  • freedom to petition the government
  • freedom of religion
  • the right to bear arms

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

  • the United States
  • the flag

What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

  • give up loyalty to other countries
  • defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
  • obey the laws of the United States
  • serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
  • serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
  • be loyal to the United States

 

How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*

  • eighteen (18) and older

What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

  • vote
  • join a political party
  • help with a campaign
  • join a civic group
  • join a community group
  • give an elected official your opinion on an issue
  • call Senators and Representatives
  • publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
  • run for office
  • write to a newspaper

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*

  • April 15

When must all men register for the Selective Service?

  • at age eighteen (18)
  • between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)

Very good! Continue with the second and third parts of the test and you will do well on the United States Citizenship Test.

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